CCNA 1 Chapter 7 v5 Exam Answers 2016

CCNA 1 Chapter 7 v5 Exam Answers 2016

A PC is downloading a large file from a server. The TCP window is 1000 bytes. The server is sending the file using 100-byte segments. How many segments will the server send before it requires an acknowledgment from the PC?
1 segment
10 segments*
100 segments
1000 segments

A host device needs to send a large video file across the network while providing data communication to other users. Which feature will allow different communication streams to occur at the same time, without having a single data stream using all available bandwidth?
multiplexing *
window size
port numbers

A technician wishes to use TFTP to transfer a large file from a file server to a remote router. Which statement is correct about this scenario?
The file is segmented and then reassembled in the correct order by TCP.
The file is not segmented, because UDP is the transport layer protocol that is used by TFTP.
Large files must be sent by FTP not TFTP.
The file is segmented and then reassembled in the correct order at the destination, if necessary, by the upper-layer protocol.*

4. Refer to the exhibit. Consider a datagram that originates on the PC and that is destined for the web server. Match the IP addresses and port numbers that are in that datagram to the description. (Not all options are used.) -> source IP address -> destination IP address
2578 -> source port number
80 -> destination port number

Which scenario describes a function provided by the transport layer?
A student is using a classroom VoIP phone to call home. The unique identifier burned into the phone is a transport layer address used to contact another network device on the same network.
A corporate worker is accessing a web server located on a corporate network. The transport layer formats the screen so the web page appears properly no matter what device is being used to view the web site.
A student has two web browser windows open in order to access two web sites. The transport layer ensures the correct web page is delivered to the correct browser window.*
A student is playing a short web-based movie with sound. The movie and sound are encoded within the transport layer header.

Which transport layer feature is used to guarantee session establishment?
UDP ACK flag
TCP 3-way handshake*
UDP sequence number
TCP port number

What is the complete range of TCP and UDP well-known ports?
0 to 255
256 – 1023
0 to 1023*
1024 – 49151

Which two TCP header fields are used to confirm receipt of data?
acknowledgment number*
FIN flag
sequence number*
SYN flag

​What is a beneficial feature of the UDP transport protocol?
acknowledgment of received data
tracking of data segments using sequence numbers
fewer delays in transmission*
the ability to retransmit lost data

Which two flags in the TCP header are used in a TCP three-way handshake to establish connectivity between two network devices? (Choose two.)

What happens if the first packet of a TFTP transfer is lost?
The TFTP application will retry the request if a reply is not received.*
The next-hop router or the default gateway will provide a reply with an error code.
The client will wait indefinitely for the reply.
The transport layer will retry the query if a reply is not received.

Compared to UDP, what factor causes additional network overhead for TCP communication?
the identification of applications based on destination port numbers
the checksum error detection
the encapsulation into IP packets
network traffic that is caused by retransmissions*

13. Match the characteristic to the protocol category. (Not all options are used.)

TCP  ->  window size
TCP  -> 3-way handshake
UDP -> connectionless
UDP -> best for VoIP
Both UDP and TCP -> checksum
Both UDP and TCP -> port number

Which factor determines TCP window size?
the amount of data the destination can process at one time*
the number of services included in the TCP segment
the amount of data the source is capable of sending at one time
the amount of data to be transmitted

15. Match each application to its connectionless or connection-oriented protocol.

TCP  -> FTP 

During a TCP session, a destination device sends an acknowledgment number to the source device. What does the acknowledgment number represent?
the last sequence number that was sent by the source
one number more than the sequence number
the next byte that the destination expects to receive*
the total number of bytes that have been received

What is a socket?
the combination of the source and destination sequence numbers and port numbers
the combination of the source and destination sequence and acknowledgment numbers
the combination of a source IP address and port number or a destination IP address and port number*
the combination of the source and destination IP address and source and destination Ethernet address

Fill in the blank.
During a TCP session, the    “SYN”   field is used by the client to request communication with the server.

Fill in the blank using a number.

A total of   __4__    messages are exchanged during the TCP session termination process between the client and the server.

A host device sends a data packet to a web server via the HTTP protocol. What is used by the transport layer to pass the data stream to the proper application on the server?
source port number
destination port number*
sequence number

What does a client do when it has UDP datagrams to send?
It just sends the datagrams.*
It queries the server to see if it is ready to receive data.
It sends a simplified three-way handshake to the server.
It sends to the server a segment with the SYN flag set to synchronize the conversation.

What does a client application select for a TCP or UDP source port number?
a predefined value in the dynamic port range
a predefined value in the range of the registered ports
a predefined value in the well-known port range
a random value in the dynamic port range
a random value in the range of the registered ports*
a random value in the well-known port range


23. How many bits are in an IPv4 address?


24. Which two parts are components of an IPv4 address? (Choose two.)

subnet portion
network portion*
logical portion
host portion*
physical portion
broadcast portion

25. What does the IP address represent?

network address
multicast address
host address*
broadcast address

26. What is the purpose of the subnet mask in conjunction with an IP address?

to uniquely identify a host on a network
to identify whether the address is public or private
to determine the subnet to which the host belongs*
to mask the IP address to outsiders

27. What subnet mask is represented by the slash notation /20?*

28. A message is sent to all hosts on a remote network. Which type of message is it?

limited broadcast
directed broadcast*

29. What are three characteristics of multicast transmission? (Choose three.)

The source address of a multicast transmission is in the range of to
A single packet can be sent to a group of hosts.*
Multicast transmission can be used by routers to exchange routing information.*
The range of to is reserved to reach multicast groups on a local network.*
Computers use multicast transmission to request IPv4 addresses.
Multicast messages map lower layer addresses to upper layer addresses.

30. Which three IP addresses are private ? (Choose three.)***

31. Which two IPv4 to IPv6 transition techniques manage the interconnection of IPv6 domains? (Choose two.)

dual stack*

32. Which of these addresses is the shortest abbreviation for the IP address:

3FFE : 1044 : 0000 : 0000 : 00AB : 0000 : 0000 : 0057?

3FFE : 1044 :: AB :: 57
3FFE : 1044 :: 00AB :: 0057
3FFE : 1044 : 0 : 0 : AB :: 57*
3FFE : 1044 : 0 : 0 : 00AB :: 0057
3FFE : 1044 : 0000 : 0000 : 00AB :: 57
3FFE : 1044 : 0000 : 0000 : 00AB :: 0057

33. What type of address is automatically assigned to an interface when IPv6 is enabled on that interface?

global unicast
unique local

34. What are two types of IPv6 unicast addresses? (Choose two.)


35. What are three parts of an IPv6 global unicast address? (Choose three.)

an interface ID that is used to identify the local network for a particular host
a global routing prefix that is used to identify the network portion of the address that has been provided by an ISP*
a subnet ID that is used to identify networks inside of the local enterprise site*
a global routing prefix that is used to identify the portion of the network address provided by a local administrator
an interface ID that is used to identify the local host on the network*

36. An administrator wants to configure hosts to automatically assign IPv6 addresses to themselves by the use of Router Advertisement messages, but also to obtain the DNS server address from a DHCPv6 server. Which address assignment method should be configured?

stateless DHCPv6*
stateful DHCPv6
RA and EUI-64

37. Which protocol supports Stateless Address Autoconfiguration (SLAAC) for dynamic assignment of IPv6 addresses to a host?


38. Which two things can be determined by using the ping command? (Choose two.)

the number of routers between the source and destination device
the IP address of the router nearest the destination device
the average time it takes a packet to reach the destination and for the response to return to the source*
the destination device is reachable through the network*
the average time it takes each router in the path between source and destination to respond
39. What is indicated by a successful ping to the ::1 IPv6 address?

The host is cabled properly.
The default gateway address is correctly configured.
All hosts on the local link are available.
The link-local address is correctly configured.
IP is properly installed on the host.*
39. A user is executing a tracert to a remote device. At what point would a router, which is in the path to the destination device, stop forwarding the packet?

when the router receives an ICMP Time Exceeded message
when the RTT value reaches zero
when the host responds with an ICMP Echo Reply message
when the value in the TTL field reaches zero*
when the values of both the Echo Request and Echo Reply messages reach zero
40. What field content is used by ICMPv6 to determine that a packet has expired?

TTL field
CRC field
Hop Limit field*
Time Exceeded field
41. Fill in the blank.
The decimal equivalent of the binary number 10010101 is __149__ .
42. Fill in the blank.
The binary equivalent of the decimal number 232 is __11101000__
43. Fill in the blank.
What is the decimal equivalent of the hex number 0x3F? __63__
44. Match each description with an appropriate IP address. (Not all options are used.) -> a link-local address -> a TEST-NET address -> an experimental address -> a private address -> a loopback address

45. What is the purpose of ICMP messages?

to inform routers about network topology changes
to ensure the delivery of an IP packet
to monitor the process of a domain name to IP address resolution
to provide feedback of IP packet transmissions*

  • 100


  • ryan

    18. The SYN flag, not field.

  • balkar singh

    1. Two protocols used at the transport layer are __________ and ____________. [1]
    2. What is a port number used for at the transport layer?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    3. Why is it important to segment a “conversation”?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    4. Name the transport protocol used by each application listed below. [2]
    a. FTP ___________
    b. HTTP ___________
    c. SMTP ___________
    d. DNS ___________
    5. What is the major difference (overall characteristic) between TCP and UDP?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    6. How does TCP track segments?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    NAME: _________________________________
    17. What happens if a sender does not receive an acknowledgement after a period of time?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    8. Which transport protocol matches the following properties? [2]
    Resends lost data _______________
    Reliable _______________
    Fast, low overhead _______________
    Sequence numbers _______________
    Good for telephony _______________
    Best effort _______________
    9. How does TCP ensure same order delivery?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    10. What is the purpose of flow control?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    11. The TCP header adds _________ bytes of overhead and the UDP header adds _______ bytes of
    overhead. [1]
    12. Define the term “socket” in the context of TCP/IP communications.
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    213. How is the source port number generated?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    14. Define the port number ranges for the following categories.
    Well-known ports ____________________
    Registered ports ____________________
    Private or dynamic ports ____________________
    15. What are well-known ports reserved for and provide at least 4 examples. [2]
    16. What are dynamic or private ports used for?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    17. What process occurs prior to any data being sent if TCP is the transport protocol. What happens
    at the end of the session?
    [2] __________________________________________________________________
    18. If the window size is 1500 bytes and the sequence number of an outgoing packet is 1000, what
    is the acknowledgement number from the receiving host if all bytes were successfully received?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    319. What are the well-known port numbers for the following application layer protocols?
    TFTP ________
    Telnet ________
    SMTP ________
    POP3 ________
    HTTP ________
    FTP(data) ________
    20. You are connecting to a TELNET server. Complete the required information.
    src port = _________, dst port = _________
    src port = _______, dst port = 49453___

  • jihad

    19. Question is changed

    Fill in the blank using a number.
    A total of [ ? ] flags are exchanged during the TCP session termination process between the client and the server.

  • withheld

    Q – Refer to the exhibit. What step in a TCP session does this capture represent?
    A – session termination

    Q – Which three fields are used in a UDP segment header? (Choose three.)
    A – Length, Source Port & Checksum

    Q – Which number or set of numbers represents a socket?
    A –

    Q – What is the purpose of using a source port number in a TCP communication?
    A – to keep track of multiple conversations between devices

    Q – Which two applications use UDP as the transport layer protocol? (Choose two.)
    A – DNS queries & DHCP

    Q – Which entities are involved in a temporary communication that is established by the transport layer?
    A – applications

    Q – Refer to the exhibit. What does the value of the window size specify?
    A – the amount of data that can be sent before an acknowledgment is required

    Q – When a client connects to an HTTP server by the use of a randomly generated source port number, what destination port number will the HTTP server use when building a response?
    A – the original source port number that was randomly generated by the client

    Q – What is an advantage of UDP over TCP?
    A – UDP communication requires less overhead

    Q – Open the PT activity. Perform the tasks in the activity instructions and then answer the question.
    What is the application layer service being requested from Server0 by PC0?
    A – HTTPS

    Q – Which action is performed by a client when establishing communication with a server via the use of UDP at the transport layer?
    A – The client randomly selects a source port number

    Q – Match the TCP flag to the correct step in the session establishment sequence. (Not all options are used.)
    A – Step 1 – SYN
    Step 2 – SYN + ACK
    Step 3 – ACK

    Q – What happens if part of an FTP message is not delivered to the destination?
    A – The part of the FTP message that was lost is re-sent

  • Hadi

    What is the purpose of ICMP messages?

    to inform routers about network topology changes
    to ensure the delivery of an IP packet
    to monitor the process of a domain name to IP address resolution
    to provide feedback of IP packet transmissions

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