CCNA 1 Chapter 7 v5.03 Exam Answers 2016

CCNA 1 Chapter 7 v5.03 Exam Answers 2016

Last update Jan. 2016

A PC is downloading a large file from a server. The TCP window is 1000 bytes. The server is sending the file using 100-byte segments. How many segments will the server send before it requires an acknowledgment from the PC?
1 segment
10 segments*
100 segments
1000 segments

A host device needs to send a large video file across the network while providing data communication to other users. Which feature will allow different communication streams to occur at the same time, without having a single data stream using all available bandwidth?
multiplexing *
window size
port numbers

A technician wishes to use TFTP to transfer a large file from a file server to a remote router. Which statement is correct about this scenario?
The file is segmented and then reassembled in the correct order by TCP.
The file is not segmented, because UDP is the transport layer protocol that is used by TFTP.
Large files must be sent by FTP not TFTP.
The file is segmented and then reassembled in the correct order at the destination, if necessary, by the upper-layer protocol.*


Which scenario describes a function provided by the transport layer?
A student is using a classroom VoIP phone to call home. The unique identifier burned into the phone is a transport layer address used to contact another network device on the same network.
A corporate worker is accessing a web server located on a corporate network. The transport layer formats the screen so the web page appears properly no matter what device is being used to view the web site.
A student has two web browser windows open in order to access two web sites. The transport layer ensures the correct web page is delivered to the correct browser window.*
A student is playing a short web-based movie with sound. The movie and sound are encoded within the transport layer header.

Which transport layer feature is used to guarantee session establishment?
UDP ACK flag
TCP 3-way handshake*
UDP sequence number
TCP port number

What is the complete range of TCP and UDP well-known ports?
0 to 255
256 – 1023
0 to 1023*
1024 – 49151

Which two TCP header fields are used to confirm receipt of data?
acknowledgment number*
FIN flag
sequence number*
SYN flag

​What is a beneficial feature of the UDP transport protocol?
acknowledgment of received data
tracking of data segments using sequence numbers
fewer delays in transmission*
the ability to retransmit lost data

Which two flags in the TCP header are used in a TCP three-way handshake to establish connectivity between two network devices? (Choose two.)

What happens if the first packet of a TFTP transfer is lost?
The TFTP application will retry the request if a reply is not received.*
The next-hop router or the default gateway will provide a reply with an error code.
The client will wait indefinitely for the reply.
The transport layer will retry the query if a reply is not received.

Compared to UDP, what factor causes additional network overhead for TCP communication?
the identification of applications based on destination port numbers
the checksum error detection
the encapsulation into IP packets
network traffic that is caused by retransmissions*


Which factor determines TCP window size?
the amount of data the destination can process at one time*
the number of services included in the TCP segment
the amount of data the source is capable of sending at one time
the amount of data to be transmitted


During a TCP session, a destination device sends an acknowledgment number to the source device. What does the acknowledgment number represent?
the last sequence number that was sent by the source
one number more than the sequence number
the next byte that the destination expects to receive*
the total number of bytes that have been received

What is a socket?
the combination of the source and destination sequence numbers and port numbers
the combination of the source and destination sequence and acknowledgment numbers
the combination of a source IP address and port number or a destination IP address and port number*
the combination of the source and destination IP address and source and destination Ethernet address

Fill in the blank.
During a TCP session, the    “SYN”   field is used by the client to request communication with the server.

Fill in the blank using a number.

A total of   __4__    messages are exchanged during the TCP session termination process between the client and the server.

A host device sends a data packet to a web server via the HTTP protocol. What is used by the transport layer to pass the data stream to the proper application on the server?
source port number
destination port number*
sequence number

What does a client do when it has UDP datagrams to send?
It just sends the datagrams.*
It queries the server to see if it is ready to receive data.
It sends a simplified three-way handshake to the server.
It sends to the server a segment with the SYN flag set to synchronize the conversation.

What does a client application select for a TCP or UDP source port number?
a predefined value in the dynamic port range
a predefined value in the range of the registered ports
a predefined value in the well-known port range
a random value in the dynamic port range
a random value in the range of the registered ports*
a random value in the well-known port range



  • ryan

    18. The SYN flag, not field.

  • balkar singh

    1. Two protocols used at the transport layer are __________ and ____________. [1]
    2. What is a port number used for at the transport layer?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    3. Why is it important to segment a “conversation”?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    4. Name the transport protocol used by each application listed below. [2]
    a. FTP ___________
    b. HTTP ___________
    c. SMTP ___________
    d. DNS ___________
    5. What is the major difference (overall characteristic) between TCP and UDP?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    6. How does TCP track segments?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    NAME: _________________________________
    17. What happens if a sender does not receive an acknowledgement after a period of time?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    8. Which transport protocol matches the following properties? [2]
    Resends lost data _______________
    Reliable _______________
    Fast, low overhead _______________
    Sequence numbers _______________
    Good for telephony _______________
    Best effort _______________
    9. How does TCP ensure same order delivery?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    10. What is the purpose of flow control?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    11. The TCP header adds _________ bytes of overhead and the UDP header adds _______ bytes of
    overhead. [1]
    12. Define the term “socket” in the context of TCP/IP communications.
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    213. How is the source port number generated?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    14. Define the port number ranges for the following categories.
    Well-known ports ____________________
    Registered ports ____________________
    Private or dynamic ports ____________________
    15. What are well-known ports reserved for and provide at least 4 examples. [2]
    16. What are dynamic or private ports used for?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    17. What process occurs prior to any data being sent if TCP is the transport protocol. What happens
    at the end of the session?
    [2] __________________________________________________________________
    18. If the window size is 1500 bytes and the sequence number of an outgoing packet is 1000, what
    is the acknowledgement number from the receiving host if all bytes were successfully received?
    [1] __________________________________________________________________
    319. What are the well-known port numbers for the following application layer protocols?
    TFTP ________
    Telnet ________
    SMTP ________
    POP3 ________
    HTTP ________
    FTP(data) ________
    20. You are connecting to a TELNET server. Complete the required information.
    src port = _________, dst port = _________
    src port = _______, dst port = 49453___

  • jihad

    19. Question is changed

    Fill in the blank using a number.
    A total of [ ? ] flags are exchanged during the TCP session termination process between the client and the server.

  • withheld

    Q – Refer to the exhibit. What step in a TCP session does this capture represent?
    A – session termination

    Q – Which three fields are used in a UDP segment header? (Choose three.)
    A – Length, Source Port & Checksum

    Q – Which number or set of numbers represents a socket?
    A –

    Q – What is the purpose of using a source port number in a TCP communication?
    A – to keep track of multiple conversations between devices

    Q – Which two applications use UDP as the transport layer protocol? (Choose two.)
    A – DNS queries & DHCP

    Q – Which entities are involved in a temporary communication that is established by the transport layer?
    A – applications

    Q – Refer to the exhibit. What does the value of the window size specify?
    A – the amount of data that can be sent before an acknowledgment is required

    Q – When a client connects to an HTTP server by the use of a randomly generated source port number, what destination port number will the HTTP server use when building a response?
    A – the original source port number that was randomly generated by the client

    Q – What is an advantage of UDP over TCP?
    A – UDP communication requires less overhead

    Q – Open the PT activity. Perform the tasks in the activity instructions and then answer the question.
    What is the application layer service being requested from Server0 by PC0?
    A – HTTPS

    Q – Which action is performed by a client when establishing communication with a server via the use of UDP at the transport layer?
    A – The client randomly selects a source port number

    Q – Match the TCP flag to the correct step in the session establishment sequence. (Not all options are used.)
    A – Step 1 – SYN
    Step 2 – SYN + ACK
    Step 3 – ACK

    Q – What happens if part of an FTP message is not delivered to the destination?
    A – The part of the FTP message that was lost is re-sent